As one of the most iconic landmarks in Rome, St Peter’s Square is a must-visit for any traveller visiting the Eternal City. This vast piazza is a space of immense beauty, history and spirituality, making it an ideal destination for tourists looking to take in the majesty of Rome. Here’s some information about this stunning square and why you should add it to your itinerary.

st peters square
St Peter’s Square

History of St Peter’s Square

St Peter’s Square was designed by Bernini in 1656 on the orders of Pope Alexander VII. The design includes two colonnades which define and enclose the square, creating a curved area that symbolizes an embrace. The colonnades are made up of 284 Doric columns, each around 10 metres tall, which are interspersed by 88 pilasters (semi-columns). In addition, there are four fountains each adorned with a statue representing one of four rivers associated with the four major continents at the time (the Nile for Africa; the Ganges for Asia; the Danube for Europe; and Río de la Plata for America).

The centrepiece of St Peter’s Square is an Egyptian obelisk dating back to 10 BCE which was transported from Egypt to its current location by order of Caligula in 37 CE. It stands 25 metres high and was originally used as a sundial before being moved to its current location in 1586. There also stands an ancient Egyptian obelisk at its centre, surrounded by statues depicting various popes who have contributed significantly to Catholicism throughout history.

Why Visit St Peter’s Square?

st peters square
St Peter’s Square

Aside from being one of the most beautiful squares in Italy and perhaps even all of Europe, St Peter’s Square is home to many important religious sites such as St Peter’s Basilica and Vatican City — making it a must-visit spot for all visitors interested in Roman Catholic history or simply admiring breathtaking architecture. It is also unique among other piazzas due to its Baroque style construction which makes this square stand out from other Italian squares like Piazza Navona or Campo de’ Fiori.

Final Thoughts:

An artistic look at St Peter's Square
An artistic look at St Peter’s Square

St Peters’s Square truly has something for everyone – whether you’re interested in exploring Rome’s rich Catholic heritage or just want to take some stunning photos – this place won’t disappoint! So make sure to add this incredible spot on your list when visiting the Eternal City – you won’t regret it!

Rome Tourist Attractions

If you want to get information about the best places to visit in Italy, you can check our Tourist Attractions in Rome article.

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